Although / in spite of / despite

After although we use a subject + verb:

 

• Although it rained a lot, we enjoyed our holiday.

• I didn’t get the job although I had all the necessary qualifications.

 

Compare the meaning of although and because:

• We went out although it was raining.

• We didn’t go out because it was raining.

 

After in spite of or despite, we use a noun, a pronoun (this/that/what etc.) or -ing:

 

• In spite of the rain, we enjoyed our holiday.

• I didn’t get the job in spite of having all the necessary qualifications.

• She wasn’t well, but in spite of this she went to work.

• In spite of what I said yesterday, I still love you.

 

 

Despite is the same as in spite of. Note that we say ‘in spite of, but despite (without ‘of’):

 

• She wasn’t well, but despite this she went to work, (not ‘despite of this’)

 

You can say ‘in spite of the fact (that)…’ and ‘despite the fact (that)…’:

 

I didn’t get the job in spite of the fact that I had all the necessary qualifications

I didn’t get the job despite the fact (that) I had all the necessary qualifications.

 

Compare in spite of and because of:

• We went out in spite of the rain, (or …despite the rain.)

• We didn’t go out because of the rain.

 

Compare although and in spite of / despite:

  • Although the traffic was bad. I arrived on time. (not in spite of the traffic was bad)
  • In spite of the traffic, I arrived on time. (not in spite of the traffic was bad)
  • I couldn’t sleep although I was very tired (not despite I was tired)
  • I couldn’t sleep despite being very tired (not despite I was tired)

 

sumber:

http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-5409.php

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s